Dec 20, 2010 . Nigeria's small-scale miners “are just trying to pull themselves from the very bottom of the poverty rung and artisanal mining is one of the best .. From there, gold was further refined and driven to Benin, on Nigeria's western.
Apr 20, 2016 . government areas of Niger state, Nigeria. 1*. Nnaji, J. C,. 2 . persons involved in artisanal small-scale gold mining. (ASGM) producing about 12 % of the world's gold ( . Cotonou in the Republic of Benin (Daily Trust, 2015).
Gold mining activities commenced prior to Nigeria's independence at Igun Community, first by . Niger, Togo and Benin prospecting for gemstones.. disaster in Zamfara state, it sought to restrict artisanal mining activities, by formalizing and.
Most of these artisanal and illegal miners (men, women and children) are rural ... State in Nigeria that does not have minerals amenable to mining by artisanal and . EDO. Copper, gold, marble, granite, gypsum, petroleum, lignite, limestone,.
Sep 6, 2012 . Benin is a small country located in Western Africa between Nigeria . gold has been produced in very small quantities by artisanal miners in the.
Benin's cotton exports and reexports to Niger and Nigeria accounted for about . Gold was produced by artisanal miners from gold veins near the villages of.
Nov 1, 2013 . Abstract: In this paper, artisanal gold mining (ASM) and its . from the use of mercury in gold mining have been identified in Benin , Burkina Faso , Ghana . bordered to the west and east by Togo and Nigeria, respectively.
Venmyn Deloitte. Nigeria - A Highlighted Summary. Oil and gas. Coal. Gold. Iron ore. Uranium . Nigeria - Country Infrastructure. Nigeria. Niger. Chad. Cameroon. Benin. Benin City ... artisanal and colonial mining and gold grades from.